The Saint Paul and Pacific Railroad built the first bridge across the
Mississippi River in the Twin Cities area at this location. The bridge
opened May 1, 1867. The complete river crossings consists of two spans,
one over the main channel of the Mississippi River, and this bridge over the
smaller east channel of the Mississippi River. The land between the two river
channels is known as Nicollet Island.
The first bridge was an iron truss bridge, with the trains running
through the truss span. In 1901, the Wisconsin Central built a curved
spur bridge off of the main bridge. This allowed Wisconsin Central
trains to cross on to Nicollet Island, travel along the north edge of
the island, then cross another bridge to their rail yard on Boom Island.
The East Channel Railroad bridge was rebuilt in 1926. A new deck girder
bridge was built on top of the original piers. That bridge has been in
place largely unchanged until 2008. In the summer of 2008, the southern
of the two spans parallel spans was removed and replaced with a precast
concrete railroad bridge. This bridge sits on the original 1867 piers.
The second parallel span will be replaced early in 2009.
This bridge has gone through a number of owners since 1867. This includes
the Saint Paul & Pacific, the Saint Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba Railway,
and later the Great Northern Railway. The Great Northern was part of a
large merger to become the Burlington Northern, which merged once again
to become the Burlington Northern Santa Fe. In addition to being used
by a major railroad, several other railroads have trackage rights to this
bridge. As a result, one does not need to wait long to see a train cross
The photo at the top is a 2006 vintage photo of the bridge. This photo
was taken prior to the current construction work on the bridge. It shows
the bridge in its same configuration that it has been since 1926. The
three boards running the length of the bridge in the middle are to fill
the gap between the two parallel bridge spans.
The photo above is a view of the East Channel Railroad Bridge as seen
from a highway overpass located on Nicollet Island. An older timber
span is on the left, while the new concrete span is on the right. The
old Wisconsin Central branch curves off to the far left of the photo.
The photo below is a ground level view of the Wisconsin Central spur
that curves off of the main bridge. The curve was built using a series
of straight bridge sections. Notice that this span is more or less level,
while the two parallel spans in the background are climbing towards the
right side of the photo. The mainline needs to climb almost 10 feet as
it crosses Nicollet Island to meet the elevation of the main channel bridge.
These two photos are side views of the Wisconsin Central branch off of the
East Channel Railroad Bridge. These views give us a chance to look at the
bridge piers, which are of 1901 vintage. The photo above is the upriver
view, while the photo below is the downriver view.
These two photos are looking to the southwest from the overpass on Main
Street. The photo below shows the old Wisconsin Central line branching
off of the main line on the curved bridge. The photo below is looking
into the setting sun as it is reflecting off of the shiny surface of
These two photos are views of the two parallel bridge spans over the East
Channel of the Mississippi River. The bridge span on the left is the 1926
steel deck plate girder bridge. The bridge span on the right is the 2008
precast concrete bridge. Notice the shine on the railroad tracks on the
right side, which indicates that heavy traffic is using the new span
despite it not being fully completed.
These two photos show the new span for the downriver of the two parallel
tracks. The old bridge was removed, new bearing blocks were installed
on top of the piers, and precast bridge segments were placed with a crane.
Notice that the Main Street bridge over the railroad tracks in the
background is being rebuilt. The bridge design has incorporated the
old bridge piers into the abutments.
The photo above is a summer view from the Nicollet Street overpass located
on Nicollet Island. The view is looking northeast towards the only Main
The photo below is a CSX locomotive entering the bridge headed northbound
across the Mississippi River. I have no clue what a CSX train is doing
in Minnesota. CSX does have some track rights agreements with the BNSF,
but this is more likely the case where the BNSF is leasing CSX locomotives.
In the photo above, the CSX train is continuing its northbound journey
across the Mississippi River. The photo below shows the tail end of the
train crossing the East Channel Railroad Bridge.